IMPROVEMENT OF CANCER-TARGETING THERAPY, USING NANOCARRIERS FOR INTRACTABLE SOLID TUMORS BY INHIBITION OF TGF-Β SIGNALING
|Year of Publication:||2007|
|Authors:||Mitsunobu R. Kano, Younsoo Bae, Caname Iwata,
Yasuyuki Morishita, Masakazu Yashiro, Masako Oka, Tomoko Fujii, Akiyoshi Komuro, Kunihiko Kiyono, Michio Kaminishi, Kosei Hirakawa, Yasuyoshi Ouchi, Nobuhiro Nishiyama, Kazunori Kataoka, and Kohei Miyazono
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β plays a pivotal role in regulation of progression of cancer through effects on tumor microenvironment as well as on cancer cells. TGF-β inhibitors have recently been shown to prevent the growth and metastasis of certain cancers. However, there may be adverse effects caused by TGF-β signaling inhibition, including the induction of cancers by the repression of TGF-β-mediated growth inhibition. Here, we present an application of a short-acting, small-molecule TGF-β type I receptor (TβR-I) inhibitor at a low dose in treating several experimental intractable solid tumors, including pancreatic adenocarcinoma and diffuse-type gastric cancer, characterized by hypovascularity and thick fibrosis in tumor microenvironments. Low-dose TβR-I inhibitor altered neither TGF-β signaling in cancer cells nor the amount of fibrotic components. However, it decreased pericyte coverage of the endothelium without reducing endothelial area specifically in tumor neovasculature and promoted accumulation of macromolecules, including anticancer nanocarriers, in the tumors. Compared with the absence of TβR-I inhibitor, anticancer nanocarriers exhibited potent growth-inhibitory effects on these cancers in the presence of TβR-I inhibitor. The use of TβR-I inhibitor combined with nanocarriers may thus be of significant clinical and practical importance in treating intractable solid cancers.
- Cancer improvement